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英语词源系列复习素材知识点精析精练weird/Welsh

2022-09-27| 来源:互联网| 查看: 317| 评论: 0

摘要: 英语词源系列复习素材知识点精析精练weird/Welshweirdadj.怪诞的,超自然的;奇怪的,奇异的n.命运,宿命同义词queer......
英语词源系列复习素材知识点精析精练weird/Welsh
weird
adj.怪诞的,超自然的;奇怪的,奇异的n.命运,宿命
同义词queer;ghostly
起源
莎士比亚名剧《麦克白》(Macbeth)中,因为主人公麦克白用weird sisters来称呼他在荒野上遇见的三个女巫,而使weird被人们熟知。这里的weird并没有不敬之意,weird sisters原指神话中的三个女神,相当于希腊神话中的Fates和北欧神话中的Norns,而weird一词在古英语中写作wyrd,原本就是“命运”的意思。
weird原来是名词,经此一用变成了形容词,人们只要一想到“命运”,不免有种“宿命感”和“奇怪的”感觉,不过一般用于口语。
例句
1.She's a really weird girl.
她真是个古怪的女孩。
2.His weird clothes really kid me.
他的怪衣裳简直笑死人。
谷雨刷题王
速记英语单词方法
高中英语人教版电子课本

Welsh
adj.威尔士的,威尔士人的威尔士语的n.威尔士人
起源
公元450年,盎格鲁撒克逊人(Anglo-Saxons)人入侵英伦诸岛,他们把那里的原住民凯尔特人(Celts)称作wealh,意思是“外国人”。
十五世纪后,该词演变成Wales,成为英国王子的封号,其形容词形式waelisc(外国的)演变为现在的Welsh,用来表示“威尔士的”,作名词时指“威尔士人”或“威尔士语”。
例句
1.His first language is Welsh.
他的母语是威尔士语。
2.Do you speak Welsh?
你说威尔士语吗?

假如你是李华,你班本周日将举办植树活动,请给你班外教Jenny发一封邮件,邀请她参加。内容包括:
1.活动安排;
2.注意事项;
3.盼回复参与意向。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Jenny,
I'm very glad to invite you to participate in the tree­planting activity this Sunday, which is organized by our class.
On that day, we'll gather at the school gate at 9:00 o'clock in the morning and take a bus to get to the destination:the hill three miles from our school.
On arrival, we'll be divided into several groups to take part in different tasks, including carrying trees, planting trees, watering trees and so on. I believe it will be an unforgettable experience if we keep safety in mind.
I would really appreciate it if you write back to me and tell me your decision!
Yours,
Li Hua

假定你是李华,你校将组织一次露天音乐会来为患重症的贫困生李明募捐,你是负责人之一。请你用英语给正在你市某大学学习音乐的美国朋友Anna写一封邮件,邀请她参加音乐会并表演节目。要点包括:
1.写信目的;2.活动介绍(时间、地点、目的等);3.期待回复。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Anna,
I'm writing to invite you to take part in an open­air concert to be held in the city square this Sunday and give a performance. The concert is aimed at raising money for Li Ming, a student in my school who is suffering from a terrible disease and whose parents are too poor to pay for medical bills. As a warm­hearted girl, you'll certainly be glad to give him a hand. And your participation will undoubtedly attract more people to attend the concert. I do hope you can make it. If the time isn't convenient for you, please let me know.
I'm looking forward to your reply.
Yours,
Li Hua
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